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Niger: Fascinating facts about country that has world’s youngest population

Niger, officially the Republic of Niger, is a landlocked country in Western Africa. The country shares it’s boarders with Algeria, Mali, Nigeria, Burkina Faso, and Benin.

The country was named after the Niger River. It boasts abundant wildlife, tribal festival among others.

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It is most famous for its natural beauty that attracts tourists. Niger capital is Niamey.

World’s youngest population

Niger has the world’s youngest population. Half of Niger’s population is 14 or younger, and the median age is 15. It has the highest mortality rate among children under the age of 5. The children barely have access proper sanitation, they poorly attend schools and get married in younger ages. The youthful and predominantly country has a population of 50% female, 80% rural 58% of under 18’s.


The country’s official language is French. It was inherited from colonial period. French also serves as an administrative language.

Apart from the aforementioned, there are eight languages classified as national languages. This are; Arabic, Hausa, Djerma, Fulani, Manga, Zarma, Tuareg and Tubu.


Muslim takes the leading percentage with an approximate of 95 per cent. Christianity and animist fall on the minority page.

Christians form about 20% of the populace with a small majority of the population practicing indigenous religions.

Hottest Nation

The country has been listed as one of the hottest Nations in the world. Nigers’ Northern part lies in dry tropical desert while the southern part has a climate type known as Sahelian which is characterized by a single, short rainy season. The country was named “Frying Pan of the World.”

River Niger

Niger River is West African major River flowing 2,600 miles from south-eastern Guinea to Nigeria and into the Atlantic Ocean’s Gulf of New Guinea. The River has an approximate length of about 4100 km. Niger River stands as third longest in Africa after Nile and Zaire Rivers.

While the Niger origin is unknown, the word sourced out names of two African countries; Niger and Nigeria. The Niger River flows through several countries including Guinea, Mali, Niger, Benin, and finally Nigeria before reaching the Gulf of Guinea and the Atlantic Ocean.

Natural resources

Niger boasts natural resources such as uranium, gold, silver, coal, significant amounts of iron, copper lithium, phosphate molybdenum and tungsten. It also produces a percentage of of limestone as well as salt, gypsum.

Niger stands at number four in the world’s producers of Uranium with 8 per cent of production.

Gerewol festival.

This is an annual courtship ritual competition among the Woddabe Fula people in Niger. Young men dress in traditional attires matched with face painting. They gather in lines to dance and sign, one of them doing it in an energetic manner to with the hearts of the young women.

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The current flag of Niger consisting of orange, white, and green was adopted in November 23, 1959, a year prior to independence.

The orange colour symbolizes the Sahara desert. The white colour represents the purity of River Niger while the green colour is a symbol of the fertile lands in the country. The orange circle in the center symbolizes independence or the sun.

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