Wales is a country fames for its rugged coastline, mountainous national parks, distinctive Welsh language and Celtic culture.
Cardiff, the capital, is a refined coastal city with a nightlife scene and a medieval castle with ornate Gothic Revival interiors.
In the northwest, Snowdonia National Park has lakes, glacial landforms, hiking trails and a railway up to the peak of Snowdon.
Second longest village name
The Welsh village of Llanfairpwllgwyngyllgogerychwyrndrobwllllantysiliogogogoch is the second longest place name in the world.
The name of the town means “St Mary’s Church in the Hollow of the White Hazel near a Rapid Whirlpool and the Church of St. Tysilio near the Red Cave.”
Wales officially has more castles per square mile than any other country in the world.
Caerphilly is the largest castle in Wales and is the second largest in Europe behind Windsor Castle.
First suspension bridge
The Menai Bridge in Anglesey was the first suspension bridge in the world constructed to take heavy traffic.
Designed by Thomas Telford, the bridge was opened on 30 January 1826.
Further, at the time it was also the longest bridge in world measuring 386m (1,265 ft).
There are three National Parks and five Areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty in Wales.
The parks are the Pembrokeshire Coast National Park, Snowdonia National Park and Brecon Beacons National Park which cover one fifth of the country’s land mass.
The areas of outstanding natural beauty are Clwydian Range, Llyn Peninsula, Wye Valley, Gower Peninsula and the Isle of Anglesey.
Wales’ Royal Mint produces a lot of coins for a lot of countries. Specifically, around five billion (5,000,000,000) coins each year.
The coins are produced at The Royal Mint of the country at Llantrisant, South Wales, for 60 countries.
For starters, a Royal Mint is a large building which is owned by a country’s government and makes coins.
Rugby is the national sport of Wales.
The first international game took place in 1881 between Wales and England.
Between 1907 and 1910, the Welsh were undefeated and ever since, the two countries have been fierce rivals.
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The red, white and green dragon flag was officially recognised in 1959.
The red dragon originates from an Arthurian legend, which told of the wizard Merlin’s vision of a red dragon.
It purportedly represented the battle between the native Britons in red, and the Saxon invaders in white.
The green and white represent the colours of the House of Tudor.
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