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Fascinating facts about Chad

Chad is one of the lesser-known countries that is completely landlocked in Central Africa.

It’s bordered by Libya to the north, Sudan to the east, the Central African Republic to the south, Cameroon and Nigeria to the southwest and Niger to the west.

It is the fifth largest country in the continent and has several zones, ranging from the desert region of Sahara to a Sahelian belt as well as savanna zones.

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Toubou tribe

The Toubou tribe, who live in the Tibesti Mountains, are known as the world’s best camel racers.

Competitions are held occasionally to determine the village champions.

Tourists from across the world visit the mountains to participate in camel racing.

Climatic regions

The Sahara Desert covers northern Chad, which is about a third of the country’s area making it world’s largest hot desert and is sparsely populated.

The Sahel belt, which stretches from Senegal in the West to Egypt in the east, covers the entire Central Region of Chad.

Southern Chad experiences a tropical climate that supports farming and provides a conducive environment to settle and is, therefore, the most densely populated region of the country.

National symbols

The national symbols of Chad are the lion and the goat.

The goat represents the northern part of the country while the lion represents the South.

The symbols are featured on the coat of arms where they stand on opposite sides, separated by a yellow and blue shield with a red sun rising above it.

Kakaki instrument

The kakaki is a musical instrument with a long metal trumpet that is used by the local population during traditional ceremonies.

It signifies power, and whoever masters its rhythms commands respect in society.

The kakaki is indigenous to the Hausa people who are also found in Nigeria, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Niger, and Benin.

Camel racing

The Tibesti Mountains are home to some of the best camel racing in the world.

Tibesti which means “the place where mountain people lives” is the home of the Toubou tribe – the mountain people.

The Toubou locals put on this splendid camel racing early in the morning.

The region has produced champion camel racers that just need to be given public recognition.


In 2002, French scientists discovered a human skull thought to be 6-7 million years old.

Named Toumaï, it is believed to be the oldest fossil from a member of the human family.

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Shortage of doctors

For every 23,600 people in Chad, there is only one Chadian doctor available.

With less than 500 Chadian doctors to cover the entire population, it is a health challenge because less than 1 doctor for 10,000 people as of the year 2000.

According to the World Health Organization, meaning many Chadians will not have access to the services of a qualified doctor.


Sadly, Chad is one of the poorest and most corrupt countries in the world.

It was ranked as the seventh poorest country by in 2008 further appearing on the list of the most corrupt countries in the world.

A major part of the population lives below the poverty line because of the corruption despite its rich resources in gold, crude oil, and uranium.

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