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Botswana: Facts about country with world’s largest concentration of elephants

Botswana is a land-locked country situated in the south-west portion of Africa.

The most notable feature of Botswana is its landscape which is mostly flat, it is covered for the most part by the Kalahari Desert.

Desert sand, salt pans, salt marshes and rocky outcrops form Botswana’s variable landscape which caters to a diverse collection of plant and animal species.

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Meerkats are small carnivorans from the mongoose family mostly found in Southern Africa, and is common throughout the Kalahari Desert.

Botswana offers the best opportunity to observe these unique animals with many wildlife tours offering meerkat safaris in Botswana.


Until 2004, Botswana had the world’s highest rate of HIV-Aids infection.

Today, it has one of Africa’s most-advanced treatment programmes and medicine for the virus is readily available.

Makgadikgadi Salt Pan

The Makgadikgadi Salt Pan is one of the largest salt pans in the world stretching over 12.000 km2.

With nothing in sight for kilometres, visitors say it feels as if they’re ‘walking on the moon’ as there are no landmarks, hardly much sound and very little life in the area, due to the harsh weather conditions.


The official language of Botswana is English.

Most of the ethnic groups speak Setswana (or Tswana) which is the lingua franca, although there are a few that do not.

There are other smaller languages that are spoken in Botswana such as Kalanga, Sarwa and Ndebele, and in some parts, Afrikaans.

The different languages and cultures vary in customs and behaviours


Botswana has the world’s largest population of elephants, numbering over 130,000.

The Okavango Delta plays a core role in the species survival.


Botswana’s government is committed to offering visitors exclusive safari experiences.

The country settled on a ‘high quality, low impact’ policy when it comes to visitors entering into the concessions.

They enforced regulations which prohibit high volumes; making the experience much more exclusive for visitors, as one will never find themselves amongst hoards of other tourists.

It is also better for the environment as it protects the ecosystems from being disrupted.

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Okavango Delta

The Okavango Delta is probably the most famous tourist destination in Botswana.

It’s the largest inland delta in the world and became the 1 000th site to be listed as a World Heritage Site of UNESCO in 2014.

The waters start flowing from the highlands of Angola, all the way to the sands of the Kalahari Desert.

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